DCD8 50-Percent Concentrate Late Lactation Diet
The 50-percent concentrate diet shown below was used in an experiment in late lactation. The level of milk production by doelings supported by this diet was similar to that of other dietary concentrate levels. However, milk production by does consuming this diet was greater than production by does consuming diets with 20-, 35- or 65-percent concentrate. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. The calculated composition on a dry matter basis …
DCD9 65-Percent Concentrate Late Lactation Diet
The 65-percent concentrate diet shown below was used in an experiment in late lactation. The level of milk production by doelings supported by this diet was similar to that of other dietary concentrate levels. However, milk production by does consuming this diet was less than production by does consuming a 50-percent concentrate diet (DCD8). Similarly, other researchers have suggested that milk production by dairy goats may not necessarily be greater with high- versus moderate-dietary …
DCD10, DCD11, DCD12 35-, 50-, and 65-Percent Concentrate Dry Period Diets
These are three diets used in the dry period in a recent experiment. The does and doelings were in good condition in late lactation before drying off, and performance in the subsequent early lactation period was similar among these different diets. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. The calculated composition on a dry matter basis is:
CD6 70% Concentrate Experimental Diet
This is an experimental diet with concentrate level of 70 percent, including a variety of concentrate feedstuffs, some of which are relatively high in fiber. It contains some feedstuffs high in protein that escapes microbial degradation and is available for digestion in the small intestine. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. Ammonium chloride and white salt are present to minimize problems with urinary calculi. The calculated composition of the diet on …
Cobalt (Co) 0.1 – 10 ppm
The only well accepted biological function of cobalt is as a component of vitamin B12. Rumen microbes utilize cobalt for growth and produce vitamin B12. Cobalt deficiency symptoms include loss of appetite, anemia, decreased production and weakness. Most natural feedstuffs contain adequate levels of cobalt. There are cobalt-deficient areas in the United States.
Reference: Hart, S. …
Manganese (Mn) 40 – 1000 ppm
Manganese is important for bone formation, reproduction and enzyme functioning. Deficiency symptoms include a reluctance to walk, deformity of forelegs, delayed onset of estrus, poor conception rate and low birth weight. Manganese deficiencies are unusual.
Reference: Hart, S. 2008. Meat Goat Nutrition. Pages 58-83 in Proc. 23rd Ann. Goat Field Day, Langston University, Langston, OK.…
The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) process allows producers to converse with wholesale food processing customers using the same food safety blueprint and language. HACCP works at the producer level as it does for customers receiving on-farm products. It requires producers to conduct a hazard analysis to determine what significant hazards can occur at each step of production at the farm level. This must be done to plan for and execute a program that will prevent or control …
CD8, CD9, CD10, CD11 High-Concentrate Experimental Diets
These are four diets used in an experiment investigating protein requirements of meat goats. Diet CD8, which was lowest in CP, supported live weight gain lower than that with the other treatments. The rate of growth of goats consuming CD9, CD10 or CD11 was similar among treatments. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2.
CD12 High Concentrate Experimental Diet
This is a 75 percent concentrate diet used in a recent experiment with different breeds of weaned goats, including Alpine, Angora, Boer and Spanish. It has a fairly high level of CP to ensure that growth would not be limited by protein. Ammonium chloride and white salt are included to minimize problems with urinary calculi. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. Chromic oxide was included as a marker to allow the …