Anatomy Female Anatomy

Reproductive Anatomy

Female Reproductive Tract.

Female Anatomy

The female reproductive tract is made up of the ovaries, oviduct (fallopian tube), uterus, cervix, vagina and vulva. The ovaries produces the eggs and the female hormones, estrogen and progesterone. At birth, the female is born with all  of the eggs she will ever have in life. At ovulation, the egg is released  from the follicle (fluid-filled “blister”) on the ovary into the fallopian tube (oviduct).  Once the egg is released from the …

Estrous Synchronization Prostaglandin


This hormone is naturally secreted from the non-pregnant uterus of the goat during the estrous cycle. It lyses (destroys) the corpus luteum so the cycle can start over. It is also secreted when it is time for birthing to help with the birthing process. Early studies with few animal numbers have shown that prostaglandin and similar hormones can be used for synchronization in cycling females. Studies have shown that during the breeding season, prostaglandin administered at a dose of …

Estrous Synchronization Artificial Lighting and Melatonin

Artificial Lighting and Melatonin

Photo of kid nursing


Because the length of the day determines breeding in goats, light treatment to alter this photoperiod response is a well-known method to help get a doe to come in heat for breeding during the non-breeding season, especially in the dairy goat industry. Artificial lighting is used to mimic a long day (16 hours of either sunlight or artificial light) followed by eight hours of darkness. Then, the does are exposed to 8 …

Goat Reproduction Anatomy


Twins resting.

Understanding estrous cycles, mating, pregnancy and birth is important in managing animals for high reproductive rates. However, in order to understand these things, an adequate understanding of anatomy is crucial. The anatomy sections below describe the sexual and reproductive organs present, outside and inside the goat’s body, as well as their functions in both females and males.

Female Anatomy

Male Anatomy

Anatomy Male Anatomy


Reproductive Anatomy

Male Reproductive Tract.

Male Anatomy

The male reproductive tract consists of the scrotum, testis, epididymis, vas deferens, accessory glands and penis. In addition to surrounding and protecting the testes, the scrotum also aids in temperature regulation of the testes due to the presence of numerous sweat glands. The sperm and the male sex hormone, testosterone are made in the testes. Unlike the female, the sperm is produced throughout the reproductive life of the the male. The sperm is …