Goat Nutrition DCD8

DCD8 50-Percent Concentrate Late Lactation Diet

The 50-percent concentrate diet shown below was used in an experiment in late lactation. The level of milk production by doelings supported by this diet was similar to that of other dietary concentrate levels. However, milk production by does consuming this diet was greater than production by does consuming diets with 20-, 35- or 65-percent concentrate. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. The calculated composition on a dry matter basis …

Goat Nutrition DCD9

DCD9 65-Percent Concentrate Late Lactation Diet

The 65-percent concentrate diet shown below was used in an experiment in late lactation. The level of milk production by doelings supported by this diet was similar to that of other dietary concentrate levels. However, milk production by does consuming this diet was less than production by does consuming a 50-percent concentrate diet (DCD8). Similarly, other researchers have suggested that milk production by dairy goats may not necessarily be greater with high- versus moderate-dietary …

Goat Nutrition DCD10

DCD10, DCD11, DCD12 35-, 50-, and 65-Percent Concentrate Dry Period Diets

These are three diets used in the dry period in a recent experiment. The does and doelings were in good condition in late lactation before drying off, and performance in the subsequent early lactation period was similar among these different diets. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. The calculated composition on a dry matter basis is:

Item DCD10 DCD11 DCD12
CP, % 16.6 17.9 17.5

Goat Nutrition CD6

CD6 70% Concentrate Experimental Diet

This is an experimental diet with concentrate level of 70 percent, including a variety of concentrate feedstuffs, some of which are relatively high in fiber. It contains some feedstuffs high in protein that escapes microbial degradation and is available for digestion in the small intestine. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. Ammonium chloride and white salt are present to minimize problems with urinary calculi. The calculated composition of the diet on …

Goat Nutrition Cobalt

 

 

Cobalt (Co) 0.1 – 10 ppm

cobalt

The only well accepted biological function of cobalt is as a component of vitamin B12. Rumen microbes utilize cobalt for growth and produce vitamin B12. Cobalt deficiency symptoms include loss of appetite, anemia, decreased production and weakness. Most natural feedstuffs contain adequate levels of cobalt. There are cobalt-deficient areas in the United States.

Reference: Hart, S.

Goat Nutrition Manganese

 

 

Manganese (Mn) 40 – 1000 ppm

manganese

Manganese is important for bone formation, reproduction and enzyme functioning. Deficiency symptoms include a reluctance to walk, deformity of forelegs, delayed onset of estrus, poor conception rate and low birth weight. Manganese deficiencies are unusual.

Reference: Hart, S. 2008. Meat Goat Nutrition. Pages 58-83 in Proc. 23rd Ann. Goat Field Day, Langston University, Langston, OK.

Goat Nutrition CD2

CD2 High Concentrate, Corn-Based Experimental Diet

This is an 80 percent concentrate diet used in a recent experiment with growing Spanish and Boer crossbred doelings. The calculated composition of the diet on a dry matter basis is:

CP – 13.5%
TDN – 76.8%
Ca – 0.61%
P – 0.34%
Ingredient % (air dry basis)
Millet hay 19.760
Ground corn 66.315
Soybean meal 8.902
Molasses 2.838
Dicalcium phosphate 0.241
Limestone 0.953
Vitamin premix 0.494
Trace mineralized salt 0.449
Deccox, 6% 0.049

The Inspection Process of Goats

 

Because food safety is of a great concern to consumers, it is important that producers play their part in ensuring the safety of the food supply. This can be done by inspecting all goats before they are sold or slaughtered for human consumption. The inspection should include the goat’s skin, eyes, nose, external reproductive system, mouth, feet, and locomotion. The inspector should look for conditions such as caseous lymphadenitis, epithelioma, lethargy, locomotion problems, missing eyes, bloat, swellings, respiratory problems, swollen …

Goat Nutrition CD4,CD5 Low & High CP Experimental Diets

 

CD4 Moderate Concentrate, Low CP Experimental Diet

This is an experimental diet with a moderate concentrate level and a low concentration of CP. It does not contain ammonium chloride for prevention of urinary calculi in wethers or males. This diet supported slower weight gain by growing Angora doelings compared with CD5 that is higher in CP. Trace mineral and vitamin premixes are those used for CD2. The calculated composition of the diet on a dry matter basis is:

CP –

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points

 

The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) process allows producers to converse with wholesale food processing customers using the same food safety blueprint and language. HACCP works at the producer level as it does for customers receiving on-farm products. It requires producers to conduct a hazard analysis to determine what significant hazards can occur at each step of production at the farm level. This must be done to plan for and execute a program that will prevent or control …