What is the difference between mad cow disease and scrapie?

Both “mad cow disease” (bovine spongiform encephalopathy, or BSE) and scrapie are forms of transmissible spongiform encephalopathy (TSE). Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), commonly known as mad-cow disease, is a fatal, neurodegenerative disease in cattle, that causes a spongy degeneration in the brain and spinal cord. BSE usually has a long incubation period, about four years, usually affecting adult cattle at a peak age onset of four to five years, all breeds being equally susceptible. In the United Kingdom, the country …

What are some diseases goats can transmit to humans?

Goats can transmit several diseases to humans, including:
Leptospirosis — This disease is widely distributed in domestic and wild animals. Transmission of the organism to humans can occur through skin abrasions and mucous membranes by contact with urine or tissues of animals infected with leptospirosis. Inhalation or ingestion of organisms can also transmit the disease. The disease can vary from an asymptomatic infection to severe disease with symptoms ranging from flu-like ailments to liver and kidney failure, encephalitis, and pulmonary …

Which diseases of sheep and goats are reportable?

According to the USDA’s National Animal Health Reporting System (www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahss/disease_status.htm#sheep), the following sheep and/or goat diseases are reportable to state and/or federal animal health authorities. Individual states may require additional diseases to be reported, and additional diseases may be added to this list at any time.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)
Vesicular stomatitis (VS)
Rinderpest
Peste des petits ruminants
Rift Valley fever
Bluetongue
Sheep pox and goat pox
Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
Aujesky’s disease (Pseudorabies)
Echinococcosis/hydatidosis
Heartwater …