Enhancing Biosecurity at Fairs and Shows

Photograph is copyright Luc Asbury and is used under Creative Commons licensing.


This webinar was presented by Scott Cotton, University of Wyoming Area Educator and EDEN Chair-elect, and Curt Emanuel, Purdue Extension Educator and Boone County Extension Director. Cotton has been with Extension since 1993 and involved in disasters since 1972. His emergency/disaster roles have ranged from medical technician and firefighter to ICS/NIMS instructor and disaster exercise facilitator.  Emanuel is a former professional horse trainer. Since joining Purdue Extension in …

Enzootic Ataxia

Although most often reported as a problem in Australian sheep, enzootic ataxia has been reported in goats in the United States. First, two definitions: enzootic means an animal disease or condition common in a certain area; and ataxia means incoordination due to a disorder of the nervous system.

Enzootic ataxia is caused by copper deficiency and can manifest itself in two ways in kids. The congenital form (present at birth) is called swayback. These kids may be unable to rise …


Botulism is a rare and strange disease. Occasional cases can be seen in individual animals or as a herd outbreak due to contaminated feed or water. A herd outbreak in goats was reported in South America secondary to a diet too low in phosphorus – the goats started chewing bones of dead animals to meet their mineral needs, but meat on the bones was contaminated with the botulism toxin.

Botulism is caused by toxin(s) produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum

Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP)

Goats in a field.

Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCPP) is a highly contagious infectious disease of goats caused by the Mycoplasma mycoides capri and Mycoplasma F38 bacteria. CCPP causes inflammation of the lungs and accumulation of fluid in the chest cavity. Damaged lung tissue can harden and adhere to the chest wall, which interferes with effective respiration and causes the goat to die from lack of oxygen. Mortality rates can reach 100 percent.

CCPP is spread through the inhalation of airborne droplets from coughing/sneezing animals. …

Which diseases of sheep and goats are reportable?

According to the USDA’s National Animal Health Reporting System (www.aphis.usda.gov/vs/nahss/disease_status.htm#sheep), the following sheep and/or goat diseases are reportable to state and/or federal animal health authorities. Individual states may require additional diseases to be reported, and additional diseases may be added to this list at any time.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD)
Vesicular stomatitis (VS)
Peste des petits ruminants
Rift Valley fever
Sheep pox and goat pox
Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis)
Aujesky’s disease (Pseudorabies)
Heartwater …

Goat Anthrax

This disease results from infection by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. This bacteria requires oxygen to survive and has two forms, the vegetative form and the spore form. The vegetative form is easy to kill with disinfectants, but the sporulated form is very resistant to environmental temperature extremes, drying and disinfectants; it can live for years in contaminated soils. Anthrax is …