The Inspection Process of Goats


Because food safety is of a great concern to consumers, it is important that producers play their part in ensuring the safety of the food supply. This can be done by inspecting all goats before they are sold or slaughtered for human consumption. The inspection should include the goat’s skin, eyes, nose, external reproductive system, mouth, feet, and locomotion. The inspector should look for conditions such as caseous lymphadenitis, epithelioma, lethargy, locomotion problems, missing eyes, bloat, swellings, respiratory problems, swollen …

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points


The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) process allows producers to converse with wholesale food processing customers using the same food safety blueprint and language. HACCP works at the producer level as it does for customers receiving on-farm products. It requires producers to conduct a hazard analysis to determine what significant hazards can occur at each step of production at the farm level. This must be done to plan for and execute a program that will prevent or control …

Medications Approved for Use in Goats

Albendazole Valbazen Liquid suspension Goats Pfizer, Inc. Meat: 7 days

Dairy: 120 hours

Ceftiofur Sodium Naxcel Injection Goats Pharmacia & Upjohn Meat: 0 days

Dairy: 0 days

Decoquinate Deccox Premix Goats Alpharma, Inc. Meat: 0 days

Dairy: (Drug not used)

Fenbendazole Panacur 10% Suspension Liquid suspension Goats Intervet, Inc. Meat: 14 days

Dairy: 120 hours

Fenbendazole Safe-Guard Type A 20% Premix Goats Intervet, Inc Meat: 14 days

Dairy 120 hours

Monensin sodium




Phosphorus is required for both soft tissue and bone growth. Clinical signs of a deficiency include slowed growth for abnormal substance and unthrifty appearance. The calcium/phosphorus ratio should not be less than 1.2:1 for does and 2:1 for males. Grazing goats rarely develop a phosphorus deficiency due to their browsing phosphorus rich plants. Appropriate attention to calcium/phosphorus ratio is important to …

Goat Quality Assurance


Quality Assurance Control Points for Meat Goats


By Jeff Fisher, Ohio State University Extension, Pike County


Administer all products labeled for IM (intramuscular) use in the neck region only, in front of the shoulder. Products labeled for SQ (or SC, subcutaneous) use must be given under the skin, preferably on the side of the neck in front of the shoulder. If there is concern that an injection reaction will cause a lump that may be confused with a contagious …

Vitamin D



Vitamin D is important in bone formation. It stimulates both calcium and phosphorous release.

Clinical Signs of vitamin D deficiency include bowed legs, enlarged joints, stiffness and poor growth rate. Adults may develop unstable bone structure, leading to osteoporosis.

Control: Colostrum is an excellent source of vitamin D. Pasture or sun-cured hay are also good sources. Exposure to sunlight is the …

Vitamin E



Vitamin E deficiency causes nutritional muscular dystrophy,or white muscle disease. This usually occurs when feeding silage or old hay. Signs include weak kids, respiratory problems, reproductive inefficiency and off-flavor in milk. As a fat soluble vitamin accumulation in the body may occur, prior to supplementation a deficiency should be documented to avoid toxicity. Additional information about Vitamin E can be found …

Small Ruminant Medications: How to Stay Within the Law


Very few medications are approved for use in goats and sheep. Indeed, “a critical shortage of approved animal drugs for minor uses and minor species exists because of limited sales opportunity, low profit margins, and the high capital investment necessary for bringing a drug to market.”(1)


What then are small ruminant producers to do when their animals need treatment? Without proper treatment, animals will experience pain and suffering, and some may die; producers will experience increased expenses, decreased revenues, and …