The Inspection Process of Goats


Because food safety is of a great concern to consumers, it is important that producers play their part in ensuring the safety of the food supply. This can be done by inspecting all goats before they are sold or slaughtered for human consumption. The inspection should include the goat’s skin, eyes, nose, external reproductive system, mouth, feet, and locomotion. The inspector should look for conditions such as caseous lymphadenitis, epithelioma, lethargy, locomotion problems, missing eyes, bloat, swellings, respiratory problems, swollen …

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points


The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) process allows producers to converse with wholesale food processing customers using the same food safety blueprint and language. HACCP works at the producer level as it does for customers receiving on-farm products. It requires producers to conduct a hazard analysis to determine what significant hazards can occur at each step of production at the farm level. This must be done to plan for and execute a program that will prevent or control …

Medications Approved for Use in Goats

Albendazole Valbazen Liquid suspension Goats Pfizer, Inc. Meat: 7 days

Dairy: 120 hours

Ceftiofur Sodium Naxcel Injection Goats Pharmacia & Upjohn Meat: 0 days

Dairy: 0 days

Decoquinate Deccox Premix Goats Alpharma, Inc. Meat: 0 days

Dairy: (Drug not used)

Fenbendazole Panacur 10% Suspension Liquid suspension Goats Intervet, Inc. Meat: 14 days

Dairy: 120 hours

Fenbendazole Safe-Guard Type A 20% Premix Goats Intervet, Inc Meat: 14 days

Dairy 120 hours

Monensin sodium




Ringworm is a fungal disease, caused by one of four species. It is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with contaminated equipment or environment. The fungi invade the skin and hair fibers. Breaks in the hair and hair loss occur due to the breakdown of the hair shaft. Young goats or goats housed in dark damp barns as well as those …

Vitamin A



Signs of vitamin A deficiency include poor appetite, weight loss, unthrifty appearance with a poor hair coat, night blindness and a thick nasal discharge. Vitamin A deficiency also makes the animal more susceptible to respiratory, diarrhea and parasitic problems. It may also lead to reproductive inefficiency and urinary problems.

Control: Control includes 2,000 kg International Units per day for a …




Goats that lack sodium may lick dirt and show reduced growth and feed intake as well as reduced milk production. Sodium chloride can be provided free choice or mixed with the feed at 0.5-percent of the complete ration of dry matter. Either blocks or loose salt can be used. Salt is important for maintaining adequate water intake for hot summer days …




Phosphorus is required for both soft tissue and bone growth. Clinical signs of a deficiency include slowed growth for abnormal substance and unthrifty appearance. The calcium/phosphorus ratio should not be less than 1.2:1 for does and 2:1 for males. Grazing goats rarely develop a phosphorus deficiency due to their browsing phosphorus rich plants. Appropriate attention to calcium/phosphorus ratio is important to …

Goat Quality Assurance


Quality Assurance Control Points for Meat Goats


By Jeff Fisher, Ohio State University Extension, Pike County


Administer all products labeled for IM (intramuscular) use in the neck region only, in front of the shoulder. Products labeled for SQ (or SC, subcutaneous) use must be given under the skin, preferably on the side of the neck in front of the shoulder. If there is concern that an injection reaction will cause a lump that may be confused with a contagious …