The Inspection Process of Goats


Because food safety is of a great concern to consumers, it is important that producers play their part in ensuring the safety of the food supply. This can be done by inspecting all goats before they are sold or slaughtered for human consumption. The inspection should include the goat’s skin, eyes, nose, external reproductive system, mouth, feet, and locomotion. The inspector should look for conditions such as caseous lymphadenitis, epithelioma, lethargy, locomotion problems, missing eyes, bloat, swellings, respiratory problems, swollen …

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points


The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) process allows producers to converse with wholesale food processing customers using the same food safety blueprint and language. HACCP works at the producer level as it does for customers receiving on-farm products. It requires producers to conduct a hazard analysis to determine what significant hazards can occur at each step of production at the farm level. This must be done to plan for and execute a program that will prevent or control …

Medications Approved for Use in Goats

Albendazole Valbazen Liquid suspension Goats Pfizer, Inc. Meat: 7 days

Dairy: 120 hours

Ceftiofur Sodium Naxcel Injection Goats Pharmacia & Upjohn Meat: 0 days

Dairy: 0 days

Decoquinate Deccox Premix Goats Alpharma, Inc. Meat: 0 days

Dairy: (Drug not used)

Fenbendazole Panacur 10% Suspension Liquid suspension Goats Intervet, Inc. Meat: 14 days

Dairy: 120 hours

Fenbendazole Safe-Guard Type A 20% Premix Goats Intervet, Inc Meat: 14 days

Dairy 120 hours

Monensin sodium

Vitamin E



Vitamin E deficiency causes nutritional muscular dystrophy,or white muscle disease. This usually occurs when feeding silage or old hay. Signs include weak kids, respiratory problems, reproductive inefficiency and off-flavor in milk. As a fat soluble vitamin accumulation in the body may occur, prior to supplementation a deficiency should be documented to avoid toxicity. Additional information about Vitamin E can be found …

Small Ruminant Medications: How to Stay Within the Law


Very few medications are approved for use in goats and sheep. Indeed, “a critical shortage of approved animal drugs for minor uses and minor species exists because of limited sales opportunity, low profit margins, and the high capital investment necessary for bringing a drug to market.”(1)


What then are small ruminant producers to do when their animals need treatment? Without proper treatment, animals will experience pain and suffering, and some may die; producers will experience increased expenses, decreased revenues, and …

Orf, Contagious Ecthyma, Sore Mouth




This disease affects sheep and goats and is caused by a highly contagious virus. Lesions most commonly occur on the mouth and face but can also occur on the feet, teats and genitalia. The virus is present worldwide and can remain infective in scabs in the environment for months to years.

The virus is spread by direct contact between animals or …




Ringworm is a fungal disease, caused by one of four species. It is transmitted by direct or indirect contact with contaminated equipment or environment. The fungi invade the skin and hair fibers. Breaks in the hair and hair loss occur due to the breakdown of the hair shaft. Young goats or goats housed in dark damp barns as well as those …