Goat Nutrition S1

S1 Langston Moderate Protein Pellet

Langston University uses some pelleted supplements for different types of forages when animals are not on experiments. They are designed to be fed at various levels with diets based on forage that is either being grazed or harvested. Typically, animals also have access to a trace mineralized salt block. In some cases, the pellets have been fed alone for short periods of time. The moderate protein pellet is used with forages that are low in crude protein (CP). For forages such as wheat straw that are very low in CP, a high CP feedstuff such as soybean may be fed in addition to this pellet. The calculated composition on a dry matter basis is:

CP – 20.3%
TDN – 74.1%
Ca – 1%
P – 0.5%
Cu – 16.3 ppm
Se – 0.32 ppm
Zn – 142 ppm
Ingredient % (air dry basis)
Cottonseed hulls 15.00
Alfalfa meal 20.00
Wheat midds 13.40
Ground corn 25.00
Soybean meal 18.85
Pellet partner 5.00
Dicalcium phosphate 0.40
Calcium carbonate 1.10
White salt 0.50
Trace mineral and

vitamin premix

Ammonium chloride 0.50

The composition (air dry basis) of the Trace mineral and vitamin premix is:

Fe, minimum % 3.55
Zn, minimum % 3.77
Mn, minimum % 1.9
S, minimum % 1.2
K, minimum % 1.07
Mg, minimum % 0.79
I, minimum % 0.046
Co, minimum % 0.009
Se, minimum % 0.0026
Vitamin A, minimum I Units per pound 1,200,000
Vitamin D3, minimum I Units per pound 400,000
Vitamin E, minimum I Units per pound 1,500
Vitamin B-12, minimum mg per pound 5
Vitamin K, minimum mg per pound 165
Riboflavin, minimum mg per pound 1,100
d-Pantothenic acid, minimum mg per pound 1,840
Niacin, minimum mg per pound 5,000
Vitamin B6, minimum mg per pound 14
Folic acid, minimum mg per pound 20
Choline, minimum mg per pound 21,620
Biotin, minimum mg per pound 1
Methionine, minimum % 4.95

Reference: Hart, S. P. and A. L. Goetsch. 2001. Goat Diet/Feeding Examples. Pages 64-85 in Proc. 16th Ann. Goat Field Day, Langston University, Langston, OK.